Friends of Werakata National Park
Banksia Spinulosa

Central Hunter Riparian Forest

      This habitat represents a variable community that occupies narrow zones along tributaries of the major creeks in the Park. There has been considerable infiltration of this habitat by weeds. In Werakata, dominant canopy species include Eucalyptus canaliculata, Angophora floribunda, Casuarina glauca (in places), and various Melaleuca species. Although it shares with the Hunter Lowlands Redgum Forest such species such as Eucalyptus tereticornis, Eucalyptus moluccana, Angophora floribunda, and several understorey species the latter does not usually have Casuarina glauca and Eucalyptus canaliculata. The Redgum Forest usually occupies flats and drainage depressions rather than the true riparian (stream-side) habitat and Eucalyptua amplifolia ssp. amplifolia, Eucalyptus tereticornis, Eucalyptus glaucina) are clearly dominant while these species are rare or absent in the Central Hunter Riparian Forest. In the Swamp Creek area, Casuarina glauca and Baumea juncea are present, species normally associated with estuarine environments.

Central Hunter Riparian Forest in yellow
      This vegetation type occurs as a fringing community along the banks of major streams, generally in areas of high exposure (flat to gently undulating land) on Permian clays. It tends to provide important habitat for ground-dwelling animals.
This vegetation type occurs along Swamp Creek in the Neath portion (where it is in good condition), Deadman's Creek in the Bishops Hill portion, and other minor creeks in the Abermain and Kitchener portions of the Park. Seventy seven hectares of this vegetation type currently lies within the Park, and although about 1200 hectares currently exist outside of the Werakata National Park, the 77 hectares within the Park are the only known protected areas. Species found in this habitat:
  • Trees
    • Angophora floribunda
    • Eucalyptus canaliculata
    • Eucalyptus moluccana
    • Eucalyptus fibrosa
    • Eucalyptus tereticornis
  • Small trees
    • Melaleuca decora
    • Melaleuca styphelioides
    • Melaleuca linariifolia
    • Acacia irrorata ssp. irrorata
    • Casuarina glauca
  • Shrubs
    • Bursaria longisepala var. longisepala
    • Lissanthe strigosa
    • Grevillea montana (rare)
    • Exocarpus strictus
    • Acacia longifolia
    • Bursaria spinosa
    • Melaleuca nodosa
    • Babingtonia pluriflora
  • Vines
    • Glycine clandestina
    • Glycine microphylla
    • Cassytha glabella forma glabella
  • Herbs
    • Hibbertia linearis
    • Lomandra longifolia
    • Pomax umbellata
    • Pratia purpurascens
    • Oxalis perennans
    • Pseuderanthemum variabile
    • Plantago debilis
    • Gonocarpus tetragynus
  • Graminoids
    • Themeda australis
    • Imperata cylindrica var. major
    • Aristida vagans
    • Dianella revoluta var. revoluta
    • Dichelachne micrantha
    • Austrodanthonia tenuior
    • Poa sieberiana ssp. sieberiana
    • Dianella caerulea var. cinerascens
    • Echinopogon ovatus
    • Eragrostis brownii
    • Austrostipa verticillata
    • Aristida ramosa var. ramosa
    • Sorghum leiocladum
    • Phragmites australis
    • Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides
    • Cymbopogon refractus
    • Entolasia marginata
    • Digitaria ramularis
    • Echinopogon caespitosus var. caespitosus
  • Ferns
    • Cheilanthes sieberi ssp. sieberi
    • Adiantum aethiopicum
    • Pteridium esculentum
  • Sedges
    • Gahnia aspera
    • Baumea juncea
    • Lepidosperma laterale
  • Cycads
    • Macrozamia flexuosa (rare)
  • Orchids -

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